Cleveland, OH is located on the southern shore of Lake Erie where the mouth of the Cuyahoga River meets the lake in Northeastern Ohio. Founded in 1796 by a group of surveyors led by General Moses Cleaveland from the Connecticut Land Company, Cleveland became incorporated in 1836, just 4 years after the completion of the Ohio and Erie Canal that connected the Great Lakes to the Ohio River which allowed the city access to the Atlantic Ocean and the Gulf of Mexico through the Mississippi River. This water route access via the canal and the connection of railroad lines helped Cleveland become a major manufacturing hub through the 19th and well into the 20th century.
Cleveland experienced an economic slowdown starting in the 1960s as the manufacturing sector went into decline and more people left the city for the suburbs. The unemployment rate in Cleveland reached its height in 1983 at 13.8 percent. Cleveland has made an impressive economic recovery since the beginning of the 21st century as the city has invested in diversifying its economy, improving its infrastructure, and redeveloping its neighborhoods, making it a prime example of urban revitalization.
While the economy and infrastructure of Cleveland has drastically improved, its location in the Midwest along Lake Erie makes it prone to severe weather. During the spring and summer the Cleveland area is hit with severe thunderstorms with the possibility of tornadoes and in the winter, the area experiences heavy snowfall due to lake effect snow. These adverse weather conditions could cause property damage to your home or office and it helps to know that there are Disaster Restoration Cleveland OH in the Cleveland, OH area that can help repair and restore your property. Reacting quickly to property damage from severe weather or another type of disaster can save you money on the repairs and get the job done faster.
Storms on the Lake: Water Damage Restoration in Cleveland, OH
The Cleveland area experiences thunderstorms often in the spring and summer and starting in November, the area gets heavy lake effect snow. The excess rain and snow increases the potential for water damage in your home or building which can lead to extensive structural damage as well as mold growth. Water damage can also be caused by many internal factors such as leaking pipes or fixtures, burst pipes, and sewage backups. Regardless of how it starts, you should call a local professional for Water Damage Restoration Cleveland OH immediately. Excess water and moisture spreads quickly through the building materials of a home and these professionals can stop its spread and repair the damage.
Preventing Fires in the Forest City: Fire Damage Restoration in Cleveland, OH
A fire can happen at virtually any time as even the best prepared homes or buildings can go up in flames over something that is beyond control. Fires can cause extensive damage due to charring and the extreme heat and there is also additional damage done by the smoke, soot, and water used to put out the fire. You should call a Fire Damage Restoration Cleveland OH immediately after the fire is put out because the damage will continue to spread until the restoration can be done. These professionals can clean up and repair damage caused by the fire, smoke, and water.
Mold Removal Services in Cleveland, OH
Mold is a troublesome substance that can grow just about anywhere as it only takes enough moisture and a food source for spores to form into mold. Because moisture is needed for mold to grow, it is more likely to appear in humid climates and the Cleveland area experiences high humidity during the summer which can contribute to mold growth. Mold is difficult to remove and it can cause negative health effects such as infection or disease which makes it best to hire a professional. There are professionals in the Cleveland area that provide Mold Removal Services Cleveland OH to completely remove all mold growth and fix the moisture source to prevent future growth. These professionals can use advanced testing equipment to find and remove all mold including hidden mold growth.
Four Seasons on the North Coast: Cleveland Weather
Cleveland experiences the full four seasons like most areas in the Great Lakes region of the Midwest with hot and humid summers as well as cold and snowy winters. The average winter temperature in Cleveland is in the upper 20s and from November until late January or early February when Lake Erie Freezes, the area also receives lake effect snow. Cleveland is at the edge of what is known as the “Snow Belt” with annual snowfall averages of about 100 inches. The spring and summer are the wettest months as there are frequent thunderstorms that push the annual precipitation average to about 44 inches. The summers in Cleveland are also characterized by hot and humid conditions.
Storm Damage Restoration in Cleveland, OH
With the potential for severe weather throughout the year including thunderstorms, floods, tornadoes, and heavy snow, homeowners and business owners in the Cleveland area should always be ready for the worst storms. However, it is still possible for even the best prepared buildings to sustain storm damage and when this happens, having the building stabilized should be the top priority to help limit the damage. There are professionals in the Cleveland, OH area that provide professional Storm Damage Restoration Cleveland OH to help repair homes and buildings that have been damaged by severe weather. They will stabilize your home or building to help prevent more serious damage and repair the affected structural elements.
From Manufacturing to Economic Revitalization: Economy in the Sixth City
Cleveland started out as a major manufacturing center due mainly to its location along the shore of Lake Erie and mouth of the Cuyahoga River. Its development took off with the completion of the Ohio and Erie Canal in 1832 along with new connections with the growing railroad network. The city stood as a major manufacturing center into the 1960s when economic decline and suburban flight started taking its toll, resulting in a high rate of unemployment in the 1980s. Since the start of the 21st century, city leaders have invested in diversifying the economy and improving the city’s infrastructure which has helped it bounce back. Cleveland is now considered a good example of urban revitalization as the city now has a more diversified economy to go with the remaining manufacturing sector.
There are several corporate headquarters for major companies located in Cleveland including Applied Industrial Technologies, Forest City Enterprises, Sherwin Williams Company, Cliffs Natural Resources, NACCO Industries, and KeyCorp. Two economic sectors that have grown significantly in Cleveland are healthcare and technology.
The healthcare sector in Cleveland includes the Cleveland Clinic, University Hospitals of Cleveland, and MetroHealth medical center. The Cleveland Clinic is regarded as one of the top hospitals in the country and it is also the largest private employer in the area while the University Hospitals of Cleveland is considered among the best for cancer treatment. Cleveland is also expanding in biotechnology and fuel cell research which should help attract biotech startup companies to the city.
The technology sector has also seen significant growth as the city actively recruited tech companies to their high-tech downtown offices that are connected to high speed fiber networks. These high-speed fiber networks were created as part of the OneCommunity project to link research centers in the Cleveland area together to help stimulate economic growth in the technology sector. Intel named Cleveland a “Worldwide Digital Community” in 2005 which gave the city $12 million in revenue to help expand the technology sector and create a citywide Wi-Fi network that was completed by September of 2006.
Commercial Disaster Restoration in Cleveland, OH
The increased diversification of Cleveland’s economy is drawing new businesses to the city and as a business owner in Cleveland, you should make sure to protect your property from natural disasters. The weather in Cleveland can turn severe and if a storm causes major damage to your building, it is important to begin the restoration process right away to prevent further damage and get your business back to normal. There are restoration professionals in Cleveland that provide Commercial Disaster Restoration Cleveland OH services to help clean up and restore any type of commercial building that has been heavily damaged in a disaster. Make sure to act quickly if your business is severely damaged to avoid more costly repairs and extended interruption to your business activities.
Social Problems and Crime Rate in Cleveland, OH
One problem that has plagued Cleveland since the mid-20th century is crime. According to a study done in the early 1970s, many Cleveland residents were afraid of becoming victim to some sort of crime which helped create a perception of a crime problem in Cleveland’s downtown area that has affected the city’s economic development. However, the downtown area experiences very few crimes while certain neighborhoods on Cleveland’s East Side are considered among the most dangerous in the nation. The highest crime rates in Cleveland are found in neighborhoods that have low socioeconomic status and less access to jobs. Murders and burglaries are above the national average in Cleveland and the United States Department of Justice released a report in 2014 detailing the use of excessive force by the Cleveland Police Department which has only increased social tensions. The city of Cleveland is looking to reform its policies and oversight over the police department in light of this report.
Crime Scene Cleaning in Cleveland
Unfortunately, violent crime is a reality in Cleveland and if a crime has been committed on your property, knowing how to react is crucial for your safety. It is common for blood and other bodily fluids to be found in a trauma scene and these biohazard materials may contain harmful viruses and other pathogens that can spread infection and communicable diseases. There are professionals in the Cleveland, OH area that provide Crime Scene Cleaning Cleveland OH to remove biohazard materials and completely restore the scene. These professionals are highly trained and certified to handle and dispose of dangerous biohazard materials as well as disinfect the area to restore it to a safe condition. Many providers of crime scene cleaning services also take a compassionate and respectful approach to help ease the overwhelming stress of the situation and they can even put grieving family members in touch with counseling professionals.
“Hello Cleveland!” The Most Popular Cleveland Events and Attractions
The city of Cleveland has plenty to offer from the Metroparks System to the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame and other Cleveland Museums. The following list includes the most popular things to do in Cleveland.
Cleveland Rocks: Rock and Roll Hall of Fame and Other Cleveland Museums
- Rock and Roll Hall of Fame: The Rock and Roll Hall of Fame is one of the most famous Cleveland attractions. This museum which commemorates the evolution of rock and roll music was built in Cleveland because it was the local disc jockey Alan Freed who first used the term “rock ‘n’ roll” on his radio show and organized the very first rock and roll concert in the U.S. This museum includes over 50 exhibits with instruments and artifacts from some of rock music’s most iconic musicians.
- Cleveland Museum of Art: The Cleveland Museum of Art houses over 45,000 objects ranging from paintings by Monet to ancient Greek statues and collages made with butterfly wings. The museum recently underwent a major expansion with new wings built that are connected to the original 1916 Neo Classical building by a glass-covered atrium. In addition to housing artwork from ancient through contemporary times, the museum also hosts temporary exhibits to help showcase emerging local artists.
- Cleveland Museum of Natural History: The Cleveland Museum of Natural History features real dinosaur specimens, a large variety of taxidermy animals, dioramas of the past, and a planetarium as well as an outside sanctuary of live animals. One of the most notable exhibits in this museum is the skeletal cast of Lucy who is a 3.2 million-year-old partial fossil skeleton discovered in Ethiopia in 1974.
- Great Lakes Science Center: The Great Lakes Science Center is a museum that combines science, technology, engineering, and math into hundreds of interactive exhibits. This museum features the hands-on Cleveland Creates Zone, the 1973 Skylab 3 Apollo Command module, an OMNIMAX Theater, and a floating maritime museum which is open from the spring through the fall.
Performing Arts in Cleveland, OH
The Playhouse Square Center is the center of the Cleveland Theater District and houses the Palace, Allen, State, Ohio, and Hanna theaters. The center is one of the largest performing arts centers in the country surpassed only by the Lincoln Center in New York City and it hosts a variety of events including Broadway plays, concerts, and others. The resident theater companies that perform at Playhouse Square Center include Great Lakes Theater Festival, Cleveland Play House, and the Cleveland State University Department of Theater and Dance.
Cleveland also boasts the Cleveland Orchestra which is considered by many to be the best in the U.S. as well as the Cleveland Pops Orchestra. The Cleveland Orchestra performs at Severance Hall in University Circle and in the summer, they perform at the Blossom Music Center in Cuyahoga Falls.
Popular Cleveland Events
There are several events in Cleveland that draw locals and tourists including Fashion Week Cleveland and the Cleveland International Film Fest. Fashion Week Cleveland is the biggest fashion show in the United States behind fashion weeks in New York and it is one of the few American fashion shows recognized on an international scale. The Cleveland International Film Festival is another major event and it reached its record for attendance in 2009 with well over 66,000 attendees.
The Cleveland Aquarium opened in 2012 in the historic Powerhouse building which was once used to generate power for the streetcars in Cleveland. The historic features of this building have been incorporated into the design for the aquarium as old smokestacks have been converted into tanks for various animals and the stingray pool was built within giant steel girders. There are over 5,000 animals housed at the Cleveland Aquarium including fresh water fish, salt water fish, sharks, stingrays, crustaceans, sea horses, eels, and more.
Cleveland Metroparks System
Cleveland Metroparks is a system of 18 parks located throughout Cleveland that cover lakefront beaches, pieces of wilderness, and golf courses. These parks offer plenty including hiking, biking, jogging, fishing, kayaking, and much more. The Cleveland Metroparks Zoo, which houses over 3,000 animals over 183 acres, is also part of this park system. This zoo has been building cage free exhibits for its animals since 1910 and continues the tradition with its African Elephant Crossing habitat opened in 2012 which covers 5 acres of land. Other notable features of this zoo include the two story indoor RainForest exhibit and one of the biggest collections of primates in the U.S.
The Cleveland area offers a variety of cuisine including American, barbecue, and soul food as well as Polish, Italian, and Central European food. Cleveland is known for its Polish staples such as kielbasa sausage and pierogis as well as its corned beef, barbecue, and fish fries. Slyman’s Deli is one local favorite where visitors can try Cleveland’s famed corned beef as well as a variety of other deli sandwiches. Cleveland also has several breweries and wineries including the Great Lakes Brewing Company that offers many styles of craft beer.