Significant flooding is very common throughout the spring and summer seasons because of the increase in rainfall and humid conditions. This makes it much more likely for homeowners across the country to experience flooding in their homes which can lead to very serious damage. Flood water can become absorbed in the building materials of a home and cause serious structural damage as well as increase the risk for mold or mildew growth. The best method of defense against flood damage is prevention and the following tips will help you prevent flooding in your home and limit the damage it causes.
Install a Sump Pump
One of the most effective flood prevention measures is having a sump pump installed in your basement. The basement is one of the most common areas of the home for flooding to occur and sump pumps will pump the extra water away from your home to prevent it from getting into the basement. You should maintain your sump pump and test it periodically, especially at the beginning of the spring, to make sure it can handle heavy rain. The best way to test your sump pump is to fill it with water to see if it pumps it out properly.
Gutters and Downspouts
The gutters and downspouts on the outside of your home are important for draining rain water away from the house to prevent leaks and structural damage. You should clean your gutters at the beginning of the spring to ensure that they will drain properly to prevent rainwater from building up. Clogged gutters can cause the rainwater to overflow and damage your roof while improper drainage can lead to water damage to your foundation.
Flood water can enter a home from just about anywhere and there are many areas within a home that are vulnerable to flooding. Sometime during the spring, it is wise to assess your home and take care of the following issues to help prevent home flooding and limit any potential damage:
- Check roof and foundation for leaks or cracks: Excess water from heavy rain usually enters a home through the roof or basement, making it important to check your roof and foundation for cracks. If there is a leak in your roof, it may be best to call a professional roofer to fix the leak. You can fix cracks in your foundation by filling them with hydraulic cement or masonry caulk.
- Install backflow valves on your pipes: Sometimes severe flooding may involve sewage backups which can create an unsanitary mess in your home. Having interior and exterior backflow valves installed on the pipes in your home can help prevent a sewage backup.
- Check the slope of the ground near your foundation: The water from the downspouts will drain away from your home more effectively if the ground around your home is sloped away from the foundation.
- Replace wooden floorboards: Wood can absorb excess water and replacing wooden floorboards with concrete or lay tiles can protect your floors against flood damage.
- Use water resistant plaster on your walls: Drywall and plaster can also absorb water, using water resistant plaster can help protect your walls from water damage.
- Protect your doors and windows: The doors and windows in your home are vulnerable to flooding. You can protect your doors and windows with flood skirts or by installing water resistant doors and window frames.
The threat of a major flood is real for much of the U.S. during the spring and summer and the damage from a major flood can be devastating to your home. These flood prevention tips will help you protect your home from flooding and limit the amount of damage if serious flooding does occur. If your home has been damaged by a flood despite your best effort, make sure you contact a water damage restoration professional as soon as possible. These professionals will stop the spread of the flood water and repair the damage with their advanced equipment.